1. What the Experts Are Saying About Moved Store Bought and What It Means For You
  2. What Business Goals Onpage Is – and What it Is Not
  3. Buyer Beware – A Guide to Buying Classic Video Games on eBay
  4. How To Wisely Buy A New Computer
  5. Beginner’s Guide to Computer Forensics
  6. Breaking the Computer Buying
  7. Computer Knowledge (Literacy)
  8. Evolution of Technology – The History of Computers
  9. Crunch Power And The Simulation Hypothesis
  10. Computer or Buy a New One?
  11. Online Computer Repair and Remote Virus Removal
  12. Are We Too Dependent on Computers?
  13. Cloud Computing – Is It Safe?
  14. Thirteen Steps to Successful Blogging
  15. 12 Things You Need to Know Before You Even Start a Blog
  16. Why I Love Blogging
  17. 7 Best Blogging Platforms to Start a Blog for Free
  18. 15 Reasons Why You Should Start a Blog Today
  19. Why You Should Blog To Make Money Online
  20. A Blog Marketing Plan – The Basics
  21. Why Most Bloggers Never See Their Blogs As a Business
  22. Use Blogging for Profit
  23. Five Smart Ways To Make Big Money From Blogging
  24. Arkansas Life Insurance Guide – How to Find Cheap Arkansas Term Life Insurance Rates
  25. Life Insurance Settlements Viewed Through the Eye of the NASD – A Study in Compliance
  26. It’s Ok to Say No to Technology for Your Kids and Why I Didn’t
  27. Tips to Secure Your Small Business Network
  28. New Business Startup Checklist
  29. Book Ghostwriter on Google
  30. 5 Steps on How to Start Affiliate Marketing for Beginners
  31. Shhh – Not In Front Of The Television
  32. What Every Investor Should Know About Options!
  33. Review: My Year With Microsoft Surface Pro
  34. Android 6.Zero Marshmallow: What’s on the Cards?
  35. Life Coaching – Past, Present, and Future
  36. Why Hire a Life Coach?
  37. The Condition For Man To Have Eternal Life
  38. Past Life – Wanting to Know Who I Was in My Past-Life
  39. Dividend Paying Whole Life Insurance – Understanding What Sets it Apart
  40. Step Up to a Better Life With the Help of a Good Coach
  41. 10 SEO Tips to Get Your WordPress Blog Ranking Highly in the Search Engines
  42. 4 Quick SEO Tips To Help You Make More Money From Home
  43. SEO Tips on Hiring an SEO Expert
  44. 9 Blog SEO Tips to Assist Your Blog Rankings
  45. Five SEO Tips: You Should Know
  46. Satellite Internet Access – No DSL Or Cable – No Problem
  47. Three Exchange Traded Funds to Invest in the Internet
  48. Large Companies Need Internet T3 Line
  49. Web Internet Marketing, Increase Income By Improving Sales Process In Any Business On The Internet
  50. The Key Role of InThe Key Role of Internet Service Providers To Their Subscribersternet Service Providers To Their Subscribers
  51. Satellite Internet: Getting Things Done Faster
  52. Learn More About Computer Internet Cable
  53. Wireless Internet for Laptops: The Norm Today
  54. Greater Opportunities for the Finer Salt Cave Here
  55. Internet Business Is a Pretty Big Place
  56. Should I Use The Internet for My Network Marketing Business?
  57. How Does Wireless Internet Work – Four Ways to Establish Wireless Connection to the Internet
  58. Speed Up Internet Windows 7
  59. Top Rural Area High Speed Internet Providers
  60. What Does Internet-Enabled Mean To The Average Construction Professional?What Does Internet-Enabled Mean To The Average Construction Professional?
  61. Back To School Internet Safety Tips For Parents
  62. 5 Great Uses of the Internet
  63. Comcast Internet Essentials Program – A Possible Solution To Help Bridge The US Digital Divide
  64. Kids Safety On The Internet – The Technology Blame Game?
  65. Internet Marketing Pt 1
  66. The Internet in Our Future
  67. What Is Broadband Internet? My Options
  68. How to Choose Your Internet Download Speed?
  69. Tips to Keep in Mind While Going for Internet Service
  70. What Can Broadband Internet Do For Me?
  71. The Growth of the Internet Economy
  72. What Are The Advantages Of Satellite Internet Over DSL Internet?
  73. The Most Interesting Facts About Broadband Internet
  74. Is a Wireless Internet Connection Right For You?
  75. Advantages of Getting Internet Connection From Broadband Internet Service Providers
  76. The Primary Duty of the Intermediary in Internet Oil Trading and Refined Petroleum Product Deals
  77. How Internet Brokers and Agents Kill Petroleum Deals and Oil Deals As Intermediaries in Trading
  78. Helpful Tips In Saving From Costs Of High Speed Internet
  79. 50 Amazing Facts About the Internet
  80. The Power of Internet: It’s Like a Magic!
  81. The Truth About Internet Money
  82. Effects of Internet in Today’s Lifestyles
  83. Selecting the Best Type of Internet Service Provider for Your Needs
  84. Boosting Internet Access Resilience, ISP Multihoming Explained
  85. How the Internet Is Structured
  86. Where Internet Jurisdiction Can Get Your Business Sued!
  87. Important Information About The Internet And Computers
  88. Rural Wireless Broadband Internet – How Does It Work And How Can I Get It?
  89. Flattening The American Internet
  90. Purchase Order Financing Tips and Secrets for Canadian Firms Seeking Trade Finance
  91. 7 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Palm Springs
  92. Are Inventory Financing Lenders and P O Factoring Solutions Your Best Business Financing Bet?
  93. Who’s Financing Inventory and Using Purchase Order Finance (P O Finance)? Your Competitors!
  94. Alternative Financing for Wholesale Produce Distributors
  95. Sources of Business Finance
  96. Alternative Sources of Business Growth Finance: There Is More Than One Way to Fund Growth
  97. Car Finance – What You Should Know About Dealer Finance
  98. Alternative Financing Vs. Venture Capital: Which Option Is Best for Boosting Working Capital?
  99. Best in Class Finance Functions For Police Forces
  100. Finance, Credit, Investments – Economical Categories
  101. Immortalizing Values Through Education for Sustainable Development
  102. Italy bridge: State of emergency follows Genoa catastrophe
  103. New Zealand bans sales of houses to foreigners
  104. Mystery Russian satellite’s behaviour increases alarm in US
  105. Face transplant: A ‘second risk’ for young suicide survivor
  106. Stocks in the news: Kotak Mahindra Bank, ONGC, Fortis Health, Khadim, UPL, Hathway Cable, MMTC
  107. Teacher Education and Teacher Quality
  108. Making Online Education Attractive
  109. Education Loans Can Augment The Boundaries Of What You Can Achieve
  110. Improving the Quality of Education: A 360 Degree Perspective on Education CSR in India
  111. Educational Problem Solving
  112. An Inside Look at the Special Education Profession
  113. 5 Best Layered Inverted Bob Haircuts You Should Try | Glaminati.Com
  114. Technology’s Effect on Commercial Real Estate in a Recession
  115. Trends in Technology
  116. Monitor Technology Explained
  117. Pros And Cons Of Online Education For The World Citizen
  118. Technology and Innovation Management
  119. Impact Of Technology In Banking
  120. Technology – Who Needs It?
  121. Implementing New Technology
  122. Automotive Advertising Agencies Must Use Yesterday’s Knowledge & Tomorrow’s Technology to Survive
  123. Cool Gadgets Shopper – Irresistible Gadgets Your Customers Will Love
  124. Do What You Do Best – Realistic Technology Tips For Paralegals
  125. Top 5 Twisted, Yet Fun Games of All Time
  126. Difference Between On-Campus Education and Online Education
  127. Electronics Gadgets Selling Tutorial: 15+ Wee Devices That Will Make Your Store a Big Hit On The Net
  128. Electronic Gadgets Sales For Morons: Ten+ Devices You Can Wear
  129. Self-Defense Gadgets And Gizmo’s – Should You Carry A Personal Safety Weapon?
  130. The Many Gadgets Available To Compliment Both Him And Her
  131. Kitchen Equipment And Gadgets For Your Raw Food Kitchen
  132. Buying a Clinical Information Technology System
  133. Cool Gadgets Shopper – Why You Need A Laser Light
  134. The Newest Home Electronics and the Latest Travel Gadgets
  135. Spy Gadgets Hints: Where to Use 17 Different Camouflaged Cameras
  136. Selling Automobile Dealerships to Public Companies – Effect of Framework Agreements
  137. Interview with Dr Renato C Nicolai, Author of “The Nightmare That Is Public Education”
  138. Millennium Education Development – Ways To Achieve
  139. Globalisation And Primary Education Development In Tanzania: Prospects And ChallengesGlobalisation And Primary Education Development In Tanzania: Prospects And Challenges
  140. Keep Your PC Healthy With Computer Tips & Tricks
  141. Use This Simple Computer Tip to Save Time Using the Internet
  142. 5 Stress Reducing Computer Tips
  143. Computer Tips From My Journal
  144. Speed Up Computer Tips
  145. Best Computer Tips to Help With Slowing Computer Problems
  146. Essential Computer Tips You Should Learn Right Now
  147. Home Computing Tips for Getting More From Your Technology
  148. Computer Tips that Help Small Businesses Operate Profitably
  149. Computer Tips – Some Useful Computer Tips For Average Computer User
  150. Spyware – Now a Problem for Mac Users as Well
  151. 15 Alluring Stacked Bob Haircuts to Brighten Your Day| Lovehairstyles.com
  152. The Non-Hostile Overview Of Choosing A PC Or Mac For Your Computing Needs
  153. What Went Wrong? When Relationships Go From Hot To Cold
  154. Malware on the Mac – Viruses, Spyware, Worms, and Other Digital Nasties Are Coming to the Mac
  155. How to Run Windows on a Mac
  156. Fixing a Slow Mac: Discover The Ultimate Solution
  157. Advantages and Features of Mac Computers
  158. Switching From PC to Mac
  159. Mac Mini User Guide
  160. The Short Awkward Life of Mac Remora
  161. Mac Media Center
  162. Software As a Service (SaaS) Software on Demand – Using SaaS the Smart Way
  163. 10 Ways Baby Boomers Can Be Happier in 2018
  164. Predictive Dialer Software – Functions, Benefits and Features of This Tool
  165. Do You Have What It Takes?
  166. Is Technology a Bringer of Great Promise or Great Peril?
  167. What to Look for When Hiring an HVAC Professional
  168. Four Steps To Become Successful With Affiliate Marketing
  169. Eleven Minimalist Mindset Tips
  170. Miracles, The Power of the Web, Selfless Love and Acts of Kindness
  171. Top 10 Causes of Online Marketing Burnout
  172. Welfare of the Internet of Things
  173. Operational Route Accounting ERP Software: Benefits and Obstacles
  174. 3 Benefits to Using Cloud Yoga Business Software for Your Yoga Studio
  175. Software Engineering and the Intelligence Community – Setting Real Time Standards
  176. Importance of Software Testing in the IT Industry
  177. Death of an Automobile Dealership
  178. Electronics Gadgets – 13-Plus Disclaimers and Disclaimer Templates to Keep You Out of Trouble
  179. Automobile Accidents Are Easy to Prevent Using Modern Technology
  180. Compensation Caused via Automobile Accidents
  181. Site Control For Automobile Dealerships in the 21st Century
  182. The Automobile: Profit and Status, Waste and Pollution
  183. A Subjective Insight of the Future Automobile
  184. How to Save on Automobile Insurance
  185. Forty Years of Sheer Galveston Fascination
  186. Visit the Beautiful Places in Darjeeling, the Queen of the Himalayas
  187. Rhode Island Personal Injury Law FAQS and Automobile – Car Accidents – through a RI Lawyer – Attorney
  188. Buying and Selling Automobile Dealerships – Limitations When Negotiating the Contract
  189. Confused With All the Travel Information at the Internet?
  190. Friendly Places to Travel With Grand Children
  191. I’m Going to Cuba – And Other Adventures!
  192. The Trek to Upper Mustang – The Forbidden Kingdom
  193. Tazaungmon And The Tazaungdaing Light Festival
  194. Explore Antigua
  195. Cuba: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
  196. The South Shore Pub Tour Along Nova Scotia’s Fabulous South Shore Lighthouse Route
  197. How to Get Started With Sports Betting
  198. The National Service Factor in Sports Development
  199. Title IX – Sports
  200. A Brief Theology of Sports
  201. Youth Sports – The Role of Organized Sports in Your Child’s Life
  202. Sport and the Russian Revolution
  203. Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management
  204. Which Software Testing Company?
  205. Accounting and Payroll Software – Industry Jargon Defined
  206. The Case for Flag Football As an Olympic Sport
  207. Peak Performance in Sports
  208. Sports Betting Champ, John Morrison Sports Betting Product Review!
  209. What Is iCloud, and Do I Need It?
  210. Is the iPhone 4S a Huge Waste of Money? Find Out Why You Should Keep Your iPhone four and Not Upgrade
  211. Should I Upgrade My iPad? What’s Inside Does Not Matter That Much
  212. How Is Apples IOS 6 Passbook App Going to Change the Electronic Wallet World?
  213. Ultima Forever: Quest for the Avatar iOS (Pre) Review
  214. Five Yes’ to the iPhone 5S!
  215. Areas That iPhone 4 Still Crumble to Android
  216. New Mobile Applications Stock Market
  217. ICloud – The Essential Guide
  218. An Introduction to Mobile Applications
  219. Apple’s IOS Vs Google’s Android OS Vs Blackberry’s Rim Vs Microsoft’s Windows Mobile
  220. Finding The Best Small Business Scheduling Software
  221. The Top Facebook Games of 2010
  222. Most Anticipated Video Games of 2010
  223. Different Types of Card Games
  224. Apple iOS five.0 Features: Notifications, iMessages and All Other Goodies You Need to Know
  225. 10 Ways to Market Your Mobile App
  226. Mobile Application Development – Current Technologies
  227. Understanding Mobile Phones
  228. Rapid Web-Based Desktop And Mobile Application Development
  229. Introduction to Designing Open Source Games for the Google Smart Phones
  230. History of Video Games – The First Video Game Ever Made?
  231. Mobile Sales Force Automation – How businesses doubled its income quantity with wi-fi technologies
  232. The Mobile Landscape – The Truth Behind the Hype
  233. Everything About Mobile Apps That You Want to Know!
  234. Considerations When Creating A Mobility Extension To The Corporate Network
  235. Tablet Wars! VHS or Betamax? Android, Apple, or Playbook?
  236. How to Select the Best Android Tablet
  237. Purchasing a Top Android Phone is a Good Decision
  238. An Introduction to Forensics Data Acquisition From Android Mobile Devices
  239. Comparing the Widows Mobile and Android Develpment Platform
  240. Every Man Is An Island: The Fragmentation of Android
  241. Google’s Android Phones Challenge Apple iPhone For Smartphone Market Share
  242. Android User Security
  243. 10 Free Android Apps That Will Actually Make You Money While Shopping!
  244. How to Pick Video Games Both Parents and Their Kids Will Love
  245. Exercise for the Brain
  246. How Prefabrication Is Helping the Hospitality Sector
  247. IPhone Vs Android Battle Royale
  248. Eight Ways To Awaken Your Greatness And Affirm Your True Power
  249. Why You’re So Damn Ugly And How To Become Beautiful Or Handsome
  250. The Power Of Awareness: How To Cultivate Mindfulness In Your Everyday Life
  251. IRR Transfer for Dependency or Hardship
  252. The Cure To Loneliness
  253. Top Ways to Prevent Data Loss
  254. Five Ways to Build Enterprise Mobile Apps “The Right Way”
  255. 6 Website Must-Have’s for Small Businesses
  256. Top 5 Most Important Aspects of Your Game
  257. How To Not Fail With Your New Year’s Resolutions
  258. Extreme Celestial Magnifying Glass Detects Dim Galaxies In The Primeval Universe
  259. How to Worship God According to Jesus
  260. Particles Born In A Black Hole’s Hostile Winds
  261. Hot Jupiter Planets: Any Way The Wind Blows
  262. Project-Based Teaching Methods
  263. Can Chia Seeds Reverse Diabetes?
  264. Mezcal in Oaxaca: State, National and Global Significance of Mexico’s Iconic Spirit
  265. The Magic Power of Perception
  266. Seven Chakras and Seven Colors Interconnected
  267. How to Control Stress Eating
  268. Killer Foods
  269. Stop Body Hate: Seven Mindset Qualities to Love Your Body
  270. What Is Calcium And What Does It Do?
  271. Calcium Needs At All Life Stages
  272. How to Achieve Health and Fitness
  273. 7 Main Reasons to Drink More Water
  274. 15 Amazing Healthcare Technology Innovations
  275. Earth’s Moon Has A Soggy Secret
  276. Messages From the Grave – Hit Over the Head With a Double Boiler
  277. Poetry and the Muses
  278. Cancer Antidote three-D
  279. A Fond Farewell To A Misty Moon
  280. What Makes a Good Game, and Where Will it Lead Us From Here?
  281. Not Even Jealousy Can Stop God
  282. The Mysterious Magnetic Personality Of Our Star
  283. Some Anti-Theist Religious Bits & Pieces: Round Sixteen
  284. Your Thoughts Determine Your Life
  285. What Are the Causes of PMS?
  286. 20 Exhilarating Destinations To Explore In India With Your Girl-Gang
  287. Psychology in China – Fairy Tales For Therapy
  288. 9 Tested search engine marketing Tips
  289. A Shaman Shares Knowledge
  290. Online Dating one hundred and one – Online Dating Basics
  291. Top 10 Doris Day Movies
  292. Creating A Life You Love
  293. How to Clean-up Your Allergies with 2 Easy Home Tips
  294. Vanity Killed My Car
  295. SEO Tips for Lawyers – Five Crucial Keys to Organic Search Engine Optimization
  296. 10 search engine marketing Tips to Be #1 on Search Engines
  297. Top five SEO Tips For WordPress
  298. How To Make More Money
  299. 25 search engine marketing Tips for Visitors and Search Engines Using Newswire Techniques
  300. The Growing Popularity of Free & Casual Games
  301. Top 10 SEO Tips That Will Get Your Site Ranked Higher in Google
  302. 6 search engine optimization Tips for Better Search Engine Rankings
  303. Five Ways To Make Money With Your Website
  304. Importance of Social Proof for the Hospitality Industry
  305. Five Important On Page search engine marketing Tips
  306. An Ounce of Prevention – 16 search engine marketing Tips
  307. 38+ Quick SEO Tips for E-Commerce Websites
  308. Avoiding Website Headaches
  309. RIP-OFFS: Online Computer Repair and Remote Virus Removal
  310. Should I Fix My Computer or Buy a New One?
  311. Computing Crunch Power And The Simulation Hypothesis
  312. The Evolution of Technology – The History of Computers
  313. Scope of Online Degrees in Computer Sciences
  314. Breaking the Computer Buying Cycle
  315. The Best Computer Equipment for Day Trading E-Mini Futures
  316. What Does Office 2016 Mean to a Small to Medium Business?
  317. 5 High Demand Technology Skills for 2016
  318. 10 Health Problems Caused by Computer Use and How to Win Them
  319. 4 Content Marketing Mistakes You Should Avoid in 2016
  320. Content Marketing Trends In 2016
  321. Driving Free Website Traffic in 2016
  322. 5 Tips To Do Social Media Marketing In 2016
  323. Working With Fashion Bloggers for Product Promotion and Purchasing Decisions Is Smart
  324. The Spectrum of Death: Perspective on News Coverage
  325. Book Trailers: Compiling & Arranging Elements for Effective Results
  326. Japanese Guys Think Europeans Girls Are Not Into Them – They Are So Wrong!
  327. How to Prevent Pre-Diabetes From Getting Worse
  328. Top three Books for Inspiration on How To Work Smarter, Not Harder
  329. The Walrus and the Honeybee: Remembering Buckfast
  330. Bloggers’ Parties For Product Promotion
  331. Blogger Tricks – Simple Blogger Tricks And Tips For New Bloggers
  332. How a blogger went from sharing stock picks to building his own version of the hottest investment product around
  333. Nigerian blogger detained for criticising governor in prison 10 days after
  334. Why a massive DDoS attack on a blogger has internet experts worried
  335. Saudi Arabian teen arrested for online videos with American blogger
  336. Should Australians Still Invest Properties in the United States?
  337. Financial Modeling: Investment Property Model
  338. What Constitutes Separate Property in Virginia?
  339. How to Rent My Property
  340. 5 Reasons Why Investing in Property in Hull Will Create Wealth
  341. Yours, Mine and Ours: How Spouses Share and Transfer Property
  342. Ten Tips for Comparing Health Care Policies
  343. Beauty Spells Really Make You Beautiful
  344. Patient Abandonment – Home Health Care
  345. What is Taught in Beauty Schools?
  346. The Simulation Hypothesis: Even More Evidence From Physics
  347. How To Make Money Online Today – The Basic Process
  348. Career Change At 50 – Start Working From Home
  349. Even More Religious Shorts
  350. Sample Counseling Statement, IRR Transfer
  351. Writing Website Content – Who Are You Writing To?
  352. 12 Great Reasons To Have A Niche Website
  353. Why Your Metabolic Age Matters
  354. Alternative Sources of Business Growth Finance
  355. Best in Class Finance Functions
  356. What You Should Know About Dealer Finance
  357. Safe Driving Through Mexico’s Yucatan From Oaxaca: Archaeology Agave Crafts Wildlife Nature & More
  358. Boosting Your Audience Engagement to the Max
  359. Revenue-Based Financing for Technology Companies With No Hard Assets
  360. The New Rule For Buying a Home – Using Owner Financing
  361. Learning a Language In the Throes of the Perfectionist Syndrome
  362. Accounts Receivable Financing – Don’t Worry, Be Happy
  363. What Does the Bible Say About Beauty?
  364. Where within the World Is Your Finance Penetration?
  365. The Best Car Deals – Low Finance Rates Vs Rebates – Which Should You Choose?
  366. Real True Beauty
  367. What the Heck is Owner Financing?
  368. Finance, Credit, Investments
  369. Debunking 3 Common WordPress Myths
  370. WordPress Banned The Website Of The Fascist Group Linked To The Alleged Charlottesville Killer
  371. WordPress Migrations Made Easy
  372. Comparison Between Open Source CMS Systems and Commercial Open Source Systems
  373. Inner Beauty – Beauty Goes Beyond What the Eye Can See
  374. Simple Homemade Beauty Tips To Implement For Natural Beauty
  375. Beauty – An Essential Ingredient For Choosing A Spouse
  376. What Does Really Beauty Means?
  377. How to Feel Beautiful: Feel Beautiful and Celebrate Ourselves
  378. What Do I Do: WordPress or HTML?
  379. Taking Your WordPress Website To The Next Level
  380. How to Use Cpanel
  381. Benefits of College Education
  382. Basic Building Block of Starting a Profitable Blog
  383. Why is Education So Important? Something We Don’t Think of But Should
  384. Real Beauty – Bliss!
  385. The Real Reasons for Society’s Immense Influence on Education
  386. Your Network Marketing Business Blog – 5 Good Reasons To Use WordPress
  387. WordPress search engine marketing
  388. The Numerous and Useful Advantages of the Internet in Education
  389. Unexpectedly Brilliant Uses of Computers in Education
  390. Beliefs About the Purpose of Education You Probably Didn’t Know
  391. Oldest University within the World
  392. GRE Scores Scale
  393. Outlining the Difference Between a College And a University
  394. Ethical Issues in Education We Can’t Afford to Ignore
  395. A Beginner’s Guide To Setting Up A Successful Online Store
  396. The Nikon D3400 Picture Controls and Effects – How to Use Them on the Nikon D3400 DSLR Camera
  397. Retail Design for Vehicle Showrooms
  398. How to Secure Your Small Business with a PIX Firewall
  399. The Due Diligence Concept: A Six Month Journey To High Rankings On The Internet
  400. Perception: Learned Or Innate? A Debate
  401. Best Practices for 21st Century Boards
  402. Why Boko Haram Became Violent
  403. Should You Use Revit Server or Collaboration For Revit (C4R)?
  404. Managing Fixed Asset As a Corporate Financial Strategy – The Accountants’ Perspective
  405. Beauty – Is It Physical Appearances or Self-Esteem?
  406. The 10+1 Paths To Vibrant Healthy Skin At Any Age – How To Make 2013 Your Best Year For Beauty Ever
  407. How Does a Whole Life Insurance Policy Work?
  408. What is Permanent Life Insurance? Should I Choose Permanent Life Insurance Or Term Life Insurance?
  409. I Danced With Christ In Bali
  410. Five Positive Tips for Baby Boomers: Retirement & Panic
  411. Hurricane Erma A Floridian’s Story
  412. The Hidden Hazards of Digital Devices and Blue Light on Kid’s Eyes.
  413. Teaching Data Entry to New Hires
  414. Trauma Aftershocks
  415. I Still Haven’t Started With Live Trading Yet, Because I Am Afraid to “Click”
  416. E-Commerce: B2B Vs B2C
  417. The Simulation Hypothesis: Evidence From Physics
  418. The Best Consumer Electonics Reviews and Deals
  419. Reasons to Not Have a Cellphone
  420. Top Ten PC Games In The World
  421. Video Games and the Law: Sex, Violence and Addiction
  422. Tichu Card Game Review
  423. Should Students Learn A Musical Instrument Or Play Educational Video Games?
  424. Game Ideation For The Everyman
  425. MMO Games for Kids and Teens – Harmless Fun?
  426. What It’s Like Being a Game Maker
  427. Family Gaming – 10 Best Xbox 360 Family Games
  428. Top 10 Cool Online Physics Games

It has been postulated that our ¬†Graet Intelligence¬†might in fact be a virtual reality. That is, some unknown agency, “The Others”, have created a computer simulation and we ‘exist’ as part of that overall simulation. One objection to that scenario is that in order to exactly simulate our Cosmos (including ourselves) we would require a computer the size of our Cosmos with the sort of crunch power that could duplicate our Cosmos on a one-to-one basis, which is absurd. The flaw is that realistic simulations can be made without resorting to a one-on-one correlation.

WHY ARE WE A SIMULATION?

Here’s another thought on the Simulation Hypothesis which postulates that we ‘exist’ as a configuration of bits and bytes, not as quarks and electrons. We are virtual reality – simulated beings. Here is the “why” of things.

Really real worlds (which we presume ours to be) are simulating virtual reality worlds – lots and lots and lots of them – so the ratio of virtual reality worlds to really real worlds is lots, and lots and lots to one. That’s the main reason why we shouldn’t presume that ours is a really real world! If one postulates “The Other”, where “The Other” might be technologically advanced extraterrestrials creating their version of video games, or even the human species, the real human species from what we’d call the far future doing ancestor simulations, the odds are our really real world is actually a really real virtual reality world inhabited by simulated earthlings (like us).

Now an interesting aside is that we tend to assume that “The Other” are biological entities (human or extraterrestrial) who like to play “what if” games using computer hardware and software. Of course “The Other” could actually be highly advanced A.I. (artificial intelligence) with consciousness playing “what if” scenarios.

SIMULATIONS AND THE NEED FOR COMPUTER CRUNCH POWER

Anyway, each individual simulated world requires just so many units of crunch power. We humans have thousands of video games each ONE requiring a certain amount of computing crunch power. There may be in total is an awful lot of computing crunch power going on when it comes to these video games collectively, but what counts is the number of video games divided by the number of computers playing them. Not all video games are being played on just one computer at the same time. If you have a ten-fold increase in video games, and a ten-fold increase in the number of computers they are played on, there’s no need for ever increasing crunch power unless the nature of the game itself demands it. Video games today probably demand more crunch power than video games from twenty years ago, but we’ve to date met that requirement Page Design Pro.

Now if a really real world created thousands of video games, and the characters in each and every one of those video games created thousands of video games and the characters in those video games created thousands of their video games, okay, then ever increasing crunch power within that original really real world is in demand. That’s not to say that that ever increasing need for crunch can’t be met however. But that’s NOT the general scenario that’s being advocated. For the immediate here and now, let’s just stick with one really real world creating thousands of uniquely individual simulated virtual reality worlds (i.e. – video games). Ockham’s Razor suggests that one not overly complicate things unnecessarily.

That said, a variation on Murphy’s Law might be: The ways and means to use computing crunch power expands to meet the crunch power available and is readily on tap.

Sceptics seem to be assuming here that if you can simulate something, then ultimately you will pour more and more and more and more crunch power (as it becomes available) into that which you are simulating. I fail to see how that follows of necessity. If you want to create and sell a video game, if you put X crunch power into it you will get Y returns in sales, etc. If you put 10X crunch power into it, you might only get 2Y returns in sales. There is a counterbalance – the law of diminishing returns.

Video gamers may always want more, but when the crunch power of the computer and the software it can carry and process exceeds the crunch power of the human gamer (chess programs / software anyone), then there’s no point in wanting even more. A human gamer might be able to photon-torpedo a Klingon Battlecruiser going at One-Quarter Impulse Power, but a massive fleet of them at Warp Ten might be a different starship scenario entirely. Gamers play to win, not to be universally frustrated and always out performed by their game.

It makes no economic sense at all to buy and get a monthly bill for 1000 computer crunch units and only need and use 10.

But the bottom line is that computer crunch power is available for simulation exercises as we have done. Anything else is just a matter of degree. If us; them; them of course being “The Other” or The Simulators.

LIMITS TO GROWTH

Are there limits to crunch power? Well before I get to agreeing to that, which I ultimately do, are opponents assuming that crunch power won’t take quantum leaps, perhaps even undreamed of quantum leaps in the generations to come? I assume for starters that we in the early 21st Century don’t have enough computing power to simulate the Cosmos at a one-to-one scale. Would quantum computers alter this analysis? I’m no expert in quantum computers – I’ve just heard the hype. Still, are available crunch power sceptics’ game to predict what might or might not be possible in a 100 years; in a 1000 years? Still, the ability to increase computing crunch power could go on for a while yet. Isn’t the next innovation going from a 2-D chip to a 3-D chip?

Still, Moore’s Law (computing crunch power doubles every 18 to 24 months) can’t go on indefinitely and I wasn’t aware that I.T. people have postulated that Moore’s Law could go on “forever”. That’s a bit of a stretch.

Okay, even if we accept that fact that we’re all greedy and want more, more, more and even more crunch power – and ditto by implication our simulators – then there will ultimately be limits. There might be engineering limits like dealing with heat production. There may be resolution limits. There may be technological limits as in maybe quantum computing isn’t really feasible or even possible. There will be economic limits as in you may want to upgrade your PC but your budget doesn’t allow for it; you ask for a new research grant to buy a new supercomputer and get turned down, and so on.

Perhaps our highly advanced simulators have hit the ultimate computer crunch power wall and that’s all she wrote; she could write no more. There’s probably a ‘speed of light’ barrier equivalent limiting computer crunch power. Then too, our simulators have competing priorities and have to divide the economic / research pie.

I’ve never read or heard about any argument that the Simulation Hypothesis assumes ever and ever and ever increasing crunch power. It assumes that the computer / software programmer has sufficient crunch power to achieve their objective, no more, no less.

In other words, the computer / software simulator is going to be as economical with the bits and bytes as is as possible to achieve that’s still compatible with the degree of realism desired. That makes sense.

The bottom line is that our simulated reality just has to be good enough to fool us. In fact, if we ‘exist’ as a simulation, then from the get-go you have experienced nothing but a simulated ‘reality’ and thus you wouldn’t be able to recognize really real reality even if it clobbered you over the head!

THE ONE-TO-ONE FALLACY

There’s one obvious objection to those who propose that there’s not enough computer power to create 100% realistic simulations. Here realistic means a one-to-one relationship. But such a degree of realism isn’t necessary and we might not even not even be able to conceive of our simulator’s really real reality since we’ve known no other reality other than the one we exist in right now. We have no other reality to compare ours to other than other realities (i.e. – simulations of our reality) that we create, which of course includes our dreams and say films.

The degree of realism now possible with CGI is in fact equal to the actual degree of realism we experience in our everyday world; with everyday experiences. I’m sure you must have seen over the last five years movies that had loads of CGI embedded in them, and even while knowing that what you were seeing was CGI, you couldn’t actually detect apart the simulation (say the dinosaurs in “Jurassic World”) from what was actually real (like the actors). Still, you have little trouble telling the difference between film action, even 3-D film action, and live action.

Maybe in this reality you can tell the difference between a film and live action, but what if that live action was as simulated as the film? If you have spent your entire existence as live action virtual reality (without knowing it of course) and now and again watching virtual reality film which you can distinguish from your live action virtual reality, then you can have absolutely no idea of the nature of the really real reality where our simulators reside and of the simulators themselves (although it might be a best guess to speculate that there will be a lot of similarities) and how much crunch power they have devoted to their hobby / gaming / research (we could be a grand “what if” sociological experiment). Maybe their Moore’s Law gives them in theory 1000 units of crunch power, but they only need or can afford 100 units. Just because you might be able to afford a fleet of sports cars, several yachts, a 28 bedroom mansion, a half-dozen holiday homes and a half-yearly round-the-world holiday and can buy all of the women you might want doesn’t of necessity mean you will spend that money.

Anyway, my objection to the one-on-one objection is that in a simulation, not everything has to be simulated to an exacting standard. The computing power required to make our immediate environment seem really real is vastly different than what is required to make the Universe outside of our immediate environment seem really real. I mean a planetarium does a great job of simulating all the sorts of things a planetarium simulates, but you wouldn’t claim that a planetarium requires the same amount of bits and bytes to simulate that which are required for the really real object it is simulating. Two really real galaxies in collision would be composed of way more bits and bytes than required by astronomers simulating two galaxies in collision on their PC. The astronomers don’t need that extra crunch power. So, perhaps 90% of our simulator’s computer power is devoted to making our immediate neighbourhood (i.e. – the solar system) seem really realistic, and the other 10% simulates everything external to our immediate neighbourhood. Further, even within our solar system you don’t have to simulate each and every particle, atom and molecule that would – in a really real solar system – reside inside say the Sun or Jupiter or even the Earth. Things that you may think need to be computed may in fact not need to be computed in order to achieve the goal of making things seem really real to us.

In our ‘reality’, when any scientist postulates some theory or hypothesis or other, they ignore many possible variables. A biologist doing “what if” evolution scenarios probably doesn’t concern himself with each and every possible astronomical scenario that may impact on evolution at each and every possible moment. You gotta draw the line somewhere.

The only one-on-one simulation I can think of that we do would be in the realm of particle and quantum physics. Simulating two protons smashing together is about as one-on-one as you can get.

THE HOLODECK AND THE SIMULATION HYPOTHESIS

To date, when talking about our virtual reality, the Simulation Hypothesis, I’ve pretty much had in mind the idea that our programmers, The Others otherwise known as The Simulators, were monitoring us pretty much like we monitor our simulations – from a distance on a monitor. But what if The Simulators actually walk among us? That is, their simulation is more akin to a Star Trek holodeck than a standard video game.

We have always tended to immerse ourselves in virtual reality, sometimes involuntarily as in our dreams and dream-worlds, but more often as not voluntarily, from telling ghost stories around the camp-fire; to reading novels; to watching soap, horse or space operas; even just by daydreaming. In more recent times that immersion has extended to video and computer games, but usually from the outside looking in at a monitor while fiddling with a mouse or a joystick or other controls. You sometimes quasi-immerse yourself inside virtual reality as in creating an avatar hence creating a virtual copy of yourself (or make-believe copy of yourself) and interacting with other virtual people via their avatars on-line, as in “Second Life”. But what we really desire, truth be known, is to actually immerse our real selves into virtual reality scenarios.

KEEP THINGS SIMPLE, STUPID

A training simulation needs to be only as realistic as is required to train the trainee into perfecting whatever skills are required. Take a driver training simulation package. Apart from the fact that the simulation can be almost of average animation standard, the images constantly shift – the turnpike software retreats into the background as one turns off onto a country road and new software is now to the fore. The image constantly changes and so does the software required for that image. The computer only has to crunch a fraction of the overall software at any one time.

Taking Planet Earth, the number of particles, atoms, molecules, etc. requiring simulation hasn’t changed very much over geological time. For example, there’s no need any more to simulate dinosaurs or trilobites so those bits and bytes are now freed up for other and newer species. If you have simulated Planet Earth, you haven’t needed to pour more and more and more crunch power resources into the simulation since you’re dealing with a finite object that is ever recycling those particles, atoms and molecules.

The simulators do not have to simulate each and every elementary particle in their simulation just in case one day their virtual beings (that’s us) decide to interact with elementary particles that should be there but aren’t. Their simulation software could be tweaked / upgraded as necessary as their simulation virtual reality scenario unfolds. Take Mars. Our simulators could for the longest time just use software that simulated a moving reddish dot in the sky that made strange retrograde motions (loop-the-loops) from time to time. Then the telescope scenario came to pass and the software was upgraded to show features – polar caps, areas of apparent ‘vegetation’, two moons, dust storms and of course ‘canals’. Then came Mariner 4, 6 & 7 and 9 and the simulator’s software had to be upgraded again to show close-up features from those fly-by Mariners and Mariner 9 that went into orbit. Then of course came the landers like Viking, and kin and another tweak was required. It’s all too easy.

Software past its use-by date can just be deleted – no memory required. If it is ever needed again, well that’s just another tweak or upgrade. Your memory has deleted lots of events in your life, but coming across an old letter, photograph, diary, etc. can restore what your brain didn’t feel it needed to store any more.

LET’S SIMULATE ROB!

If I put a character, let’s call him Rob, into a video game and Rob gets zapped, no guts will appear because I didn’t program them in. If we are on the other hand the simulation; characters in the video game not of our making, our guts are there but will appear if and only if the unfolding scenario requires it. The bottom line remains that not all software is front-and-centre at the same time. Further, software can be tweaked as the simulation scenario unfolds, just like we get upgrades to our software on our PC’s.

As for having to simulate each and every thing that is required, like Rob’s heart, lungs, liver, etc., in any simulation only a part of the whole is active and ‘in your face’ at any one time. When the scenario demands that something else now has to be ‘in your face’ instead, well that software is available, but other software now retires to the background until and if it is needed again. In other words, not 100% of the software that comprises the entire simulation is actually front-and-centre at any one time so the computer’s ability to cope isn’t taxed beyond its means.

I’ve said above that you do NOT have to do a one-on-one correlation between what is being simulated and the simulation. If I simulate Rob as a character in a video game I don’t have to also simulate his heart, lungs, liver, and all of his other internals. That’s a big savings in bits and bytes. So the simulated Rob is indeed simpler than any really real Rob, but the simulated Rob does the job as far as video gamers are concerned.

A COSMIC SIMULATION

It’s been oft noted that if one is going to simulate one’s entire Cosmos in exacting one-on-one detail, then one would need a computer that’s as large as the Cosmos that one is trying to simulate in the first place, which is ridiculous. The fallacy lies in the phrase “in exactly one-on-one detail”. A simulation doesn’t require that amount of exacting detail in order to be realistic. There’s many a slight-of-hand short-cut that can be entered into when simulating an entire Cosmos, as in a planetarium for instance. No matter how you slice and dice things, planetariums do an excellent job of simulating the Cosmos.

Still, a Doubting Thomas keeps assuming that to simulate the Cosmos you need a one-to-one correlation, that each and every last fundamental particle in the Cosmos has to be accounted for and simulated in order to have a simulation of the Cosmos. That’s not the purpose of simulations. When cosmologists simulate the Cosmos, they are interested in the broad-brush picture. They don’t need to know about each and every fundamental particle within the Cosmos in order to understand the broad-brush picture. A simulation is NOT trying to recreate 100% of reality but only those bits and pieces that are of interest. Thus, the bits and bytes required to simulate the Cosmos as required by cosmologists need only be a tiny, tiny fraction of the bits and bytes needed to simulate 100% of the entirety of the Cosmos.

Despite any sceptical position to the contrary, our cosmologists have done simulations of our Cosmos without having to resort to simulating the Cosmos down to dotting the very last ‘I’ and crossing the very last ‘T’.

If scientists want to simulate two galaxies colliding but their research grant doesn’t give them unlimited funds for crunch power, then they make do with what their budget allows. In the case of our simulators, maybe they have maxed out their bits and bytes; maybe their expenditure has been minimal – on a shoestring budget. We don’t know. We can’t know.

I would argue that astronomers / cosmologists have not only simulated possible planetary worlds and whole virtual solar systems but the entire Universe from the Big Bang event on up the line. Of course those simulations are vastly simpler than what they are simulating but they do the job that requires doing.

Extrapolating one level up, if some agency is simulating our Cosmos, or what we perceive as our Cosmos, then that simulation is NOT meant to be a one-on-one replica of their Cosmos. To those entities, that agency, what they have simulated (our Cosmos) is easily achievable because it is NOT a one-to-one representation of their Cosmos, any more than our cosmologists try to simulate one-on-one what they believe is our Cosmos. We think our virtual reality Cosmos is the be-all-and-end-all of all there is when it’s just a tiny fraction of really real reality – our simulator’s Cosmos.

Of course in one sense we, even as simulations, are a part of The Simulators Cosmos in the same way as our simulations, our virtual realities are part of our Cosmos. We might be the same ‘stuff’ as in we are a part of The Simulators Cosmos too, which let us say is the Full Monty of all things A to Z. But when The Simulators simulated or built or crafted us (yes, you too), they simplified things and say left out all of the vowels. So yes, we ‘exist’ in their Cosmos, but in a simplified virtual reality simulation of their Cosmos. In other words, there’s no one-on-one correlation.

THE FREE WILL OBJECTION

Now to my mind the only valid objection against the Simulation Hypothesis is that one has absolute free will. That argument absolutely undermines the Simulation Hypothesis. The fly in the ointment is that all anyone need to do is prove to the satisfaction of the rest of the world that they actually have free will, and therefore by extension all humans have free will. Then various web sites and publishing houses can delete free will from their inventory and thus free up a massive amount of data storage space for other topics. Meantime, I can put my time, efforts and energy to better use that pondering over our possible virtual reality.

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, once upon a time in a galaxy far, far away, well let’s just say there existed this technologically advanced civilization who I shall call The Simulators! Let’s also say that for The Simulators to simulate one-on-one their own Big Cosmos would require 100,000 units of computing crunch power. Alas, The Simulators only have 100 units of computing crunch power on tap, so obviously they don’t try to simulate their own Big Cosmos on a one-to-one basis – in its entirety. However, they do simulate a 100 unit computing crunch power mini-Cosmos. That’s us, that’s our mini-Cosmos by the way. So we ‘exist’ in a simulated 100 units of computer crunch power mini-Cosmos. We can in turn maybe manage 1 (one) unit of simulation (within the simulation that we already ‘exist’ in) computing crunch power. We can no more simulate our simulated mini-Cosmos one-on-one than The Simulators can simulate their Big Cosmos one-on-one. And that’s where it all ends, at least for now. Our mini-Cosmos is a simulated mini-Cosmos, simulated by The Simulators in their Big Cosmos. There’s no one-on-one identity correlation anywhere to be had, in any Cosmos. Is everything crystal clear now?

This is a Sidebar position. Add your widgets in this position using Default Sidebar or a custom sidebar.