One of the predominant factors militating against the development of sports activities in Nigeria nowadays is the loss of power control. A lot of solutions are being proffered by way of involved and patriotic Nigerians day by day to bail us out the quagmire. One of such answers is this newsletter entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management”. It is written with the aid of Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer inside the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and academic representative. I turned into the character invited by using the writer and the college to review the ebook while it was provided to the general public on December four, 2008 in Nigeria.
According to Awoyinfa, it’s far a truism all around the world that recreation is now a reference issue that can not be disregarded at numerous sectors of the economy and spheres of existence. The creator provides that this newsletter, therefore, takes an important look at topical troubles in sports activities management and management, residing on theories and concepts of modern tendencies in sports activities management and management such as management, agency, planning, motivation, and many others.
The textual content incorporates 16 chapters. Chapter one is christened “the idea of sports management”. Here, Awoyinfa says control is an idea that implies various things to exclusive human beings in unique instances, as a consequence main to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that management has been variously defined as an artwork, a technological know-how, a person or human beings, a discipline and a procedure.
This author expatiates that as an artwork, sports activities control is all approximately wearing out sports activities organizational capabilities and responsibilities thru human beings; even as a technology, sports activities control is ready organizing sports philosophy, legal guidelines, theories, ideas, techniques, and practices. As an organization, in keeping with him, sports activities management is described as a way of creating formal systems and an established order based totally on an assignment, goals, objectives, capabilities, and duties.
Awoyinfa says as someone or group of people, sports activities control can also discuss with the top by myself or to all the senior staff, committee, and so forth.; while as a field, control is a discipline of look at with diverse topics and topics. The creator illuminates that sports control as a technique is ready a systematic way of doing things. Awoyinfa highlights control capabilities in sports management as planning, organizing, staffing, directing/main, controlling, coordination, budgeting, and evaluation. On whom a sports manager is, this author educates that a sports supervisor is anyone at any stage of the game employer who directs
the efforts of other humans closer to the achievement of organizational dreams recreation-wise.
Chapter two is based totally on the difficulty count number of evolution and trends of sports control notion. Here, Awoyinfa discloses that the improvement of the mind in sports activities management dates back to the times when humans first tried to perform desires via working together in a group. In his phrases, “There became extreme wondering and theorizing about dealing with many years before the sunrise of the 20 the (20th) century, which marked the start of the present day sports activities management notion. Major efforts to broaden theories and concepts of sports control began from the early 20th (20th) century with the work of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The industrial revolution of the 19th (19th) century likely provided the climate for this very serious theorizing.”
Awoyinfa adds that for the reason that turn of the 20 th century, writers on sports control and commercial enterprise concept have been propounding exclusive theories about how to control work and employees greater efficiently and successfully. This writer educates that the three essential schools of control concept are: the classical; the human-behavioral; and the integrative. Awoyinfa also highlights early sports activities management theorists; concepts and traits of clinical control; appraisal of the scientific control idea, etc., on this bankruptcy.
Chapter three is thematically labeled “principles of sports activities control”. In this chapter, the academic representative explains that sports activities standards are the basic laws on which the practice of sports activities control is constructed. He adds that management concepts need to, therefore, be primarily based on standard phrases for them to be relevant within recreation corporations of various sizes and man or woman. “Modern sports managers and directors are anticipated so that you can identify and use appropriate principles which are applicable to unique situations. This is because no unmarried principle can match all administrative situations,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the essential standards of sports activities are those relevant to all sports activities firms and because of their widespread acceptability, they are sometimes called “universal ideas of sports activities management”. This creator expatiates that some of these concepts are: responsibility; delegation of authority and conversation. As regards humanitarian standards of sports activities management, Awoyinfa identifies those as democracy, justice, human members of the family, sympathy, empathy, consideration, and humility.
In chapter four based totally at the concept of behavioral and motivational theories in sports activities organization, the author says human beings are precise creatures as they behave in a different way beneath specific situations and are on the whole hard to predict. Awoyinfa stresses that considering the fact that humans represent the most essential detail in sports activities employer, sports managers want a few information of why people behave in a single manner or the opposite, so that they (sports managers) can have an effect on people to carry out exactly the manner sports activities corporations discover desirable.
One robust device this creator suggests that may be used to elicit overall performance in athletes is motivation. In his words, “Motivation is something needed in sports firms to make employees perform.
However, it’s been a critical and a perplexing difficulty for sports activities managers.” Awoyinfa, in addition, discusses improvement of motivational ideas in sports employer; application of motivational theories to sports management; methods of behavior amendment, etc., in this chapter.
In chapters 5 to ten, the writer beams his analytical searchlight on concern subjects which includes management strategies in sports activities enterprise; the concept of sports activities business enterprise; setting layout in sports activities enterprise; the concept of planning in sports administration; making sports enterprises greater effective in Nigeria and staffing in sports activities organisations.
Chapter eleven is based totally on communication strategies in sports activities organization. According to Awoyinfa right here, communication is a crucial factor in any organizational effectiveness because firms cannot characteristic effectively whilst communique talents are lacking among participants. “Since communique is the moving spirit in an agency, its absence may make organizations standstill,” asserts this writer.
In chapters 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays standards which include organizational adjustments and improvement in sports management; leadership in sports activities administration and management; management and control of the football as an instruct; coaching human kinetics and health schooling in faculties and schools; and company and administration of faculties at numerous levels of training.
As regards mode of presentation, this article rankings a bypass mark. For example, the language is understandable and the thoughts are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is expected, given the writer’s dual expert background as a lecturer and pastor. To ensure easy have a look at of the text on the readers’ part, Awoyinfa highlights the objectives of every chapter at the beginning and ends with overview/revision questions.
What’s extra, he creatively embroiders the textual content with pictures (pages 50, 97, 317, 330, 338, 395, and so forth.) to beautify readers’ information thru visible verbal exchange. Awoyinfa consists of references at the end of each chapter to fulfill the educational duty of source disclosure and provide readers with possibilities to study more. The inclusion of many references also confirms the intensity of his studies. His use of visual distinction for the word “Modern Trends” inside the name is emphatically creative.
If there are chapters that in reality make this article qualified as a compendium of modern-day answers to the executive and management problems plaguing our sports activities improvement in Nigeria, they may be chapters 4, 8, eleven and 13. This is because they speak about motivation, planning, conversation, and leadership respectively.
Meanwhile, the thematically finest chapter of all is chapter four. The truth that it’s miles consciously or unconsciously taken to be the finest chapter finds sensible expression inside the deeper verbal exchange and cohesion between its subject count number on the one hand and the outer front cover’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical snapshots inclusive of intention post, cyclists racing, a lawn tennis player poised for movement together with her bat, sprinters competing and footballers suffering for ball ownership, however. These are pics used for illustration in motivational discourse.