1. Has Attaining Permeant Resident Status in Singapore Become Harder?
  2. The Next Trends in Internet Entertainment
  3. Current Scenario of Online Poker Gaming In India
  4. Shut down the lab or we’ll destroy the computer
  5. Disappointing examination results stay on Instagram
  6. What the Experts Are Saying About Moved Store Bought and What It Means For You
  7. What Business Goals Onpage Is – and What it Is Not
  8. Buyer Beware – A Guide to Buying Classic Video Games on eBay
  9. How To Wisely Buy A New Computer
  10. Beginner’s Guide to Computer Forensics
  11. Breaking the Computer Buying
  12. Computer Knowledge (Literacy)
  13. Evolution of Technology – The History of Computers
  14. Crunch Power And The Simulation Hypothesis
  15. Computer or Buy a New One?
  16. Online Computer Repair and Remote Virus Removal
  17. Are We Too Dependent on Computers?
  18. Cloud Computing – Is It Safe?
  19. Thirteen Steps to Successful Blogging
  20. 12 Things You Need to Know Before You Even Start a Blog
  21. Why I Love Blogging
  22. 7 Best Blogging Platforms to Start a Blog for Free
  23. 15 Reasons Why You Should Start a Blog Today
  24. Why You Should Blog To Make Money Online
  25. A Blog Marketing Plan – The Basics
  26. Why Most Bloggers Never See Their Blogs As a Business
  27. Use Blogging for Profit
  28. Five Smart Ways To Make Big Money From Blogging
  29. Arkansas Life Insurance Guide – How to Find Cheap Arkansas Term Life Insurance Rates
  30. Life Insurance Settlements Viewed Through the Eye of the NASD – A Study in Compliance
  31. It’s Ok to Say No to Technology for Your Kids and Why I Didn’t
  32. Tips to Secure Your Small Business Network
  33. New Business Startup Checklist
  34. Book Ghostwriter on Google
  35. 5 Steps on How to Start Affiliate Marketing for Beginners
  36. Shhh – Not In Front Of The Television
  37. What Every Investor Should Know About Options!
  38. Review: My Year With Microsoft Surface Pro
  39. Android 6.Zero Marshmallow: What’s on the Cards?
  40. Life Coaching – Past, Present, and Future
  41. Why Hire a Life Coach?
  42. The Condition For Man To Have Eternal Life
  43. Past Life – Wanting to Know Who I Was in My Past-Life
  44. Dividend Paying Whole Life Insurance – Understanding What Sets it Apart
  45. Step Up to a Better Life With the Help of a Good Coach
  46. 10 SEO Tips to Get Your WordPress Blog Ranking Highly in the Search Engines
  47. 4 Quick SEO Tips To Help You Make More Money From Home
  48. SEO Tips on Hiring an SEO Expert
  49. 9 Blog SEO Tips to Assist Your Blog Rankings
  50. Five SEO Tips: You Should Know
  51. Satellite Internet Access – No DSL Or Cable – No Problem
  52. Three Exchange Traded Funds to Invest in the Internet
  53. Large Companies Need Internet T3 Line
  54. Web Internet Marketing, Increase Income By Improving Sales Process In Any Business On The Internet
  55. The Key Role of InThe Key Role of Internet Service Providers To Their Subscribersternet Service Providers To Their Subscribers
  56. Satellite Internet: Getting Things Done Faster
  57. Learn More About Computer Internet Cable
  58. Wireless Internet for Laptops: The Norm Today
  59. Greater Opportunities for the Finer Salt Cave Here
  60. Internet Business Is a Pretty Big Place
  61. Should I Use The Internet for My Network Marketing Business?
  62. How Does Wireless Internet Work – Four Ways to Establish Wireless Connection to the Internet
  63. Speed Up Internet Windows 7
  64. Top Rural Area High Speed Internet Providers
  65. What Does Internet-Enabled Mean To The Average Construction Professional?What Does Internet-Enabled Mean To The Average Construction Professional?
  66. Back To School Internet Safety Tips For Parents
  67. 5 Great Uses of the Internet
  68. Comcast Internet Essentials Program – A Possible Solution To Help Bridge The US Digital Divide
  69. Kids Safety On The Internet – The Technology Blame Game?
  70. Internet Marketing Pt 1
  71. The Internet in Our Future
  72. What Is Broadband Internet? My Options
  73. How to Choose Your Internet Download Speed?
  74. Tips to Keep in Mind While Going for Internet Service
  75. What Can Broadband Internet Do For Me?
  76. The Growth of the Internet Economy
  77. What Are The Advantages Of Satellite Internet Over DSL Internet?
  78. The Most Interesting Facts About Broadband Internet
  79. Is a Wireless Internet Connection Right For You?
  80. Advantages of Getting Internet Connection From Broadband Internet Service Providers
  81. The Primary Duty of the Intermediary in Internet Oil Trading and Refined Petroleum Product Deals
  82. How Internet Brokers and Agents Kill Petroleum Deals and Oil Deals As Intermediaries in Trading
  83. Helpful Tips In Saving From Costs Of High Speed Internet
  84. 50 Amazing Facts About the Internet
  85. The Power of Internet: It’s Like a Magic!
  86. The Truth About Internet Money
  87. Effects of Internet in Today’s Lifestyles
  88. Selecting the Best Type of Internet Service Provider for Your Needs
  89. Boosting Internet Access Resilience, ISP Multihoming Explained
  90. How the Internet Is Structured
  91. Where Internet Jurisdiction Can Get Your Business Sued!
  92. Important Information About The Internet And Computers
  93. Rural Wireless Broadband Internet – How Does It Work And How Can I Get It?
  94. Flattening The American Internet
  95. Purchase Order Financing Tips and Secrets for Canadian Firms Seeking Trade Finance
  96. 7 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Palm Springs
  97. Are Inventory Financing Lenders and P O Factoring Solutions Your Best Business Financing Bet?
  98. Who’s Financing Inventory and Using Purchase Order Finance (P O Finance)? Your Competitors!
  99. Alternative Financing for Wholesale Produce Distributors
  100. Sources of Business Finance
  101. Alternative Sources of Business Growth Finance: There Is More Than One Way to Fund Growth
  102. Car Finance – What You Should Know About Dealer Finance
  103. Alternative Financing Vs. Venture Capital: Which Option Is Best for Boosting Working Capital?
  104. Best in Class Finance Functions For Police Forces
  105. Finance, Credit, Investments – Economical Categories
  106. Immortalizing Values Through Education for Sustainable Development
  107. Italy bridge: State of emergency follows Genoa catastrophe
  108. New Zealand bans sales of houses to foreigners
  109. Mystery Russian satellite’s behaviour increases alarm in US
  110. Face transplant: A ‘second risk’ for young suicide survivor
  111. Stocks in the news: Kotak Mahindra Bank, ONGC, Fortis Health, Khadim, UPL, Hathway Cable, MMTC
  112. Teacher Education and Teacher Quality
  113. Making Online Education Attractive
  114. Education Loans Can Augment The Boundaries Of What You Can Achieve
  115. Improving the Quality of Education: A 360 Degree Perspective on Education CSR in India
  116. Educational Problem Solving
  117. An Inside Look at the Special Education Profession
  118. 5 Best Layered Inverted Bob Haircuts You Should Try | Glaminati.Com
  119. Technology’s Effect on Commercial Real Estate in a Recession
  120. Trends in Technology
  121. Monitor Technology Explained
  122. Pros And Cons Of Online Education For The World Citizen
  123. Technology and Innovation Management
  124. Impact Of Technology In Banking
  125. Technology – Who Needs It?
  126. Implementing New Technology
  127. Automotive Advertising Agencies Must Use Yesterday’s Knowledge & Tomorrow’s Technology to Survive
  128. Cool Gadgets Shopper – Irresistible Gadgets Your Customers Will Love
  129. Do What You Do Best – Realistic Technology Tips For Paralegals
  130. Top 5 Twisted, Yet Fun Games of All Time
  131. Difference Between On-Campus Education and Online Education
  132. Electronics Gadgets Selling Tutorial: 15+ Wee Devices That Will Make Your Store a Big Hit On The Net
  133. Electronic Gadgets Sales For Morons: Ten+ Devices You Can Wear
  134. Self-Defense Gadgets And Gizmo’s – Should You Carry A Personal Safety Weapon?
  135. The Many Gadgets Available To Compliment Both Him And Her
  136. Kitchen Equipment And Gadgets For Your Raw Food Kitchen
  137. Buying a Clinical Information Technology System
  138. Cool Gadgets Shopper – Why You Need A Laser Light
  139. The Newest Home Electronics and the Latest Travel Gadgets
  140. Spy Gadgets Hints: Where to Use 17 Different Camouflaged Cameras
  141. Selling Automobile Dealerships to Public Companies – Effect of Framework Agreements
  142. Interview with Dr Renato C Nicolai, Author of “The Nightmare That Is Public Education”
  143. Millennium Education Development – Ways To Achieve
  144. Globalisation And Primary Education Development In Tanzania: Prospects And ChallengesGlobalisation And Primary Education Development In Tanzania: Prospects And Challenges
  145. Keep Your PC Healthy With Computer Tips & Tricks
  146. Use This Simple Computer Tip to Save Time Using the Internet
  147. 5 Stress Reducing Computer Tips
  148. Computer Tips From My Journal
  149. Speed Up Computer Tips
  150. Best Computer Tips to Help With Slowing Computer Problems
  151. Essential Computer Tips You Should Learn Right Now
  152. Home Computing Tips for Getting More From Your Technology
  153. Computer Tips that Help Small Businesses Operate Profitably
  154. Computer Tips – Some Useful Computer Tips For Average Computer User
  155. Spyware – Now a Problem for Mac Users as Well
  156. 15 Alluring Stacked Bob Haircuts to Brighten Your Day| Lovehairstyles.com
  157. The Non-Hostile Overview Of Choosing A PC Or Mac For Your Computing Needs
  158. What Went Wrong? When Relationships Go From Hot To Cold
  159. Malware on the Mac – Viruses, Spyware, Worms, and Other Digital Nasties Are Coming to the Mac
  160. How to Run Windows on a Mac
  161. Fixing a Slow Mac: Discover The Ultimate Solution
  162. Advantages and Features of Mac Computers
  163. Switching From PC to Mac
  164. Mac Mini User Guide
  165. The Short Awkward Life of Mac Remora
  166. Mac Media Center
  167. Software As a Service (SaaS) Software on Demand – Using SaaS the Smart Way
  168. 10 Ways Baby Boomers Can Be Happier in 2018
  169. Predictive Dialer Software – Functions, Benefits and Features of This Tool
  170. Do You Have What It Takes?
  171. Is Technology a Bringer of Great Promise or Great Peril?
  172. What to Look for When Hiring an HVAC Professional
  173. Four Steps To Become Successful With Affiliate Marketing
  174. Eleven Minimalist Mindset Tips
  175. Miracles, The Power of the Web, Selfless Love and Acts of Kindness
  176. Top 10 Causes of Online Marketing Burnout
  177. Welfare of the Internet of Things
  178. Operational Route Accounting ERP Software: Benefits and Obstacles
  179. 3 Benefits to Using Cloud Yoga Business Software for Your Yoga Studio
  180. Software Engineering and the Intelligence Community – Setting Real Time Standards
  181. Importance of Software Testing in the IT Industry
  182. Death of an Automobile Dealership
  183. Electronics Gadgets – 13-Plus Disclaimers and Disclaimer Templates to Keep You Out of Trouble
  184. Automobile Accidents Are Easy to Prevent Using Modern Technology
  185. Compensation Caused via Automobile Accidents
  186. Site Control For Automobile Dealerships in the 21st Century
  187. The Automobile: Profit and Status, Waste and Pollution
  188. A Subjective Insight of the Future Automobile
  189. How to Save on Automobile Insurance
  190. Forty Years of Sheer Galveston Fascination
  191. Visit the Beautiful Places in Darjeeling, the Queen of the Himalayas
  192. Rhode Island Personal Injury Law FAQS and Automobile – Car Accidents – through a RI Lawyer – Attorney
  193. Buying and Selling Automobile Dealerships – Limitations When Negotiating the Contract
  194. Confused With All the Travel Information at the Internet?
  195. Friendly Places to Travel With Grand Children
  196. I’m Going to Cuba – And Other Adventures!
  197. The Trek to Upper Mustang – The Forbidden Kingdom
  198. Tazaungmon And The Tazaungdaing Light Festival
  199. Explore Antigua
  200. Cuba: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
  201. The South Shore Pub Tour Along Nova Scotia’s Fabulous South Shore Lighthouse Route
  202. How to Get Started With Sports Betting
  203. The National Service Factor in Sports Development
  204. Title IX – Sports
  205. A Brief Theology of Sports
  206. Youth Sports – The Role of Organized Sports in Your Child’s Life
  207. Sport and the Russian Revolution
  208. Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management
  209. Which Software Testing Company?
  210. Accounting and Payroll Software – Industry Jargon Defined
  211. The Case for Flag Football As an Olympic Sport
  212. Peak Performance in Sports
  213. Sports Betting Champ, John Morrison Sports Betting Product Review!
  214. What Is iCloud, and Do I Need It?
  215. Is the iPhone 4S a Huge Waste of Money? Find Out Why You Should Keep Your iPhone four and Not Upgrade
  216. Should I Upgrade My iPad? What’s Inside Does Not Matter That Much
  217. How Is Apples IOS 6 Passbook App Going to Change the Electronic Wallet World?
  218. Ultima Forever: Quest for the Avatar iOS (Pre) Review
  219. Five Yes’ to the iPhone 5S!
  220. Areas That iPhone 4 Still Crumble to Android
  221. New Mobile Applications Stock Market
  222. ICloud – The Essential Guide
  223. An Introduction to Mobile Applications
  224. Apple’s IOS Vs Google’s Android OS Vs Blackberry’s Rim Vs Microsoft’s Windows Mobile
  225. Finding The Best Small Business Scheduling Software
  226. The Top Facebook Games of 2010
  227. Most Anticipated Video Games of 2010
  228. Different Types of Card Games
  229. Apple iOS five.0 Features: Notifications, iMessages and All Other Goodies You Need to Know
  230. 10 Ways to Market Your Mobile App
  231. Mobile Application Development – Current Technologies
  232. Understanding Mobile Phones
  233. Rapid Web-Based Desktop And Mobile Application Development
  234. Introduction to Designing Open Source Games for the Google Smart Phones
  235. History of Video Games – The First Video Game Ever Made?
  236. Mobile Sales Force Automation – How businesses doubled its income quantity with wi-fi technologies
  237. The Mobile Landscape – The Truth Behind the Hype
  238. Everything About Mobile Apps That You Want to Know!
  239. Considerations When Creating A Mobility Extension To The Corporate Network
  240. Tablet Wars! VHS or Betamax? Android, Apple, or Playbook?
  241. How to Select the Best Android Tablet
  242. Purchasing a Top Android Phone is a Good Decision
  243. An Introduction to Forensics Data Acquisition From Android Mobile Devices
  244. Comparing the Widows Mobile and Android Develpment Platform
  245. Every Man Is An Island: The Fragmentation of Android
  246. Google’s Android Phones Challenge Apple iPhone For Smartphone Market Share
  247. Android User Security
  248. 10 Free Android Apps That Will Actually Make You Money While Shopping!
  249. How to Pick Video Games Both Parents and Their Kids Will Love
  250. Exercise for the Brain
  251. How Prefabrication Is Helping the Hospitality Sector
  252. IPhone Vs Android Battle Royale
  253. Eight Ways To Awaken Your Greatness And Affirm Your True Power
  254. Why You’re So Damn Ugly And How To Become Beautiful Or Handsome
  255. The Power Of Awareness: How To Cultivate Mindfulness In Your Everyday Life
  256. IRR Transfer for Dependency or Hardship
  257. The Cure To Loneliness
  258. Top Ways to Prevent Data Loss
  259. Five Ways to Build Enterprise Mobile Apps “The Right Way”
  260. 6 Website Must-Have’s for Small Businesses
  261. Top 5 Most Important Aspects of Your Game
  262. How To Not Fail With Your New Year’s Resolutions
  263. Extreme Celestial Magnifying Glass Detects Dim Galaxies In The Primeval Universe
  264. How to Worship God According to Jesus
  265. Particles Born In A Black Hole’s Hostile Winds
  266. Hot Jupiter Planets: Any Way The Wind Blows
  267. Project-Based Teaching Methods
  268. Can Chia Seeds Reverse Diabetes?
  269. Mezcal in Oaxaca: State, National and Global Significance of Mexico’s Iconic Spirit
  270. The Magic Power of Perception
  271. Seven Chakras and Seven Colors Interconnected
  272. How to Control Stress Eating
  273. Killer Foods
  274. Stop Body Hate: Seven Mindset Qualities to Love Your Body
  275. What Is Calcium And What Does It Do?
  276. Calcium Needs At All Life Stages
  277. How to Achieve Health and Fitness
  278. 7 Main Reasons to Drink More Water
  279. 15 Amazing Healthcare Technology Innovations
  280. Earth’s Moon Has A Soggy Secret
  281. Messages From the Grave – Hit Over the Head With a Double Boiler
  282. Poetry and the Muses
  283. Cancer Antidote three-D
  284. A Fond Farewell To A Misty Moon
  285. What Makes a Good Game, and Where Will it Lead Us From Here?
  286. Not Even Jealousy Can Stop God
  287. The Mysterious Magnetic Personality Of Our Star
  288. Some Anti-Theist Religious Bits & Pieces: Round Sixteen
  289. Your Thoughts Determine Your Life
  290. What Are the Causes of PMS?
  291. 20 Exhilarating Destinations To Explore In India With Your Girl-Gang
  292. Psychology in China – Fairy Tales For Therapy
  293. 9 Tested search engine marketing Tips
  294. A Shaman Shares Knowledge
  295. Online Dating one hundred and one – Online Dating Basics
  296. Top 10 Doris Day Movies
  297. Creating A Life You Love
  298. How to Clean-up Your Allergies with 2 Easy Home Tips
  299. Vanity Killed My Car
  300. SEO Tips for Lawyers – Five Crucial Keys to Organic Search Engine Optimization
  301. 10 search engine marketing Tips to Be #1 on Search Engines
  302. Top five SEO Tips For WordPress
  303. How To Make More Money
  304. 25 search engine marketing Tips for Visitors and Search Engines Using Newswire Techniques
  305. The Growing Popularity of Free & Casual Games
  306. Top 10 SEO Tips That Will Get Your Site Ranked Higher in Google
  307. 6 search engine optimization Tips for Better Search Engine Rankings
  308. Five Ways To Make Money With Your Website
  309. Importance of Social Proof for the Hospitality Industry
  310. Five Important On Page search engine marketing Tips
  311. An Ounce of Prevention – 16 search engine marketing Tips
  312. 38+ Quick SEO Tips for E-Commerce Websites
  313. Avoiding Website Headaches
  314. RIP-OFFS: Online Computer Repair and Remote Virus Removal
  315. Should I Fix My Computer or Buy a New One?
  316. Computing Crunch Power And The Simulation Hypothesis
  317. The Evolution of Technology – The History of Computers
  318. Scope of Online Degrees in Computer Sciences
  319. Breaking the Computer Buying Cycle
  320. The Best Computer Equipment for Day Trading E-Mini Futures
  321. What Does Office 2016 Mean to a Small to Medium Business?
  322. 5 High Demand Technology Skills for 2016
  323. 10 Health Problems Caused by Computer Use and How to Win Them
  324. 4 Content Marketing Mistakes You Should Avoid in 2016
  325. Content Marketing Trends In 2016
  326. Driving Free Website Traffic in 2016
  327. 5 Tips To Do Social Media Marketing In 2016
  328. Working With Fashion Bloggers for Product Promotion and Purchasing Decisions Is Smart
  329. The Spectrum of Death: Perspective on News Coverage
  330. Book Trailers: Compiling & Arranging Elements for Effective Results
  331. Japanese Guys Think Europeans Girls Are Not Into Them – They Are So Wrong!
  332. How to Prevent Pre-Diabetes From Getting Worse
  333. Top three Books for Inspiration on How To Work Smarter, Not Harder
  334. The Walrus and the Honeybee: Remembering Buckfast
  335. Bloggers’ Parties For Product Promotion
  336. Blogger Tricks – Simple Blogger Tricks And Tips For New Bloggers
  337. How a blogger went from sharing stock picks to building his own version of the hottest investment product around
  338. Nigerian blogger detained for criticising governor in prison 10 days after
  339. Why a massive DDoS attack on a blogger has internet experts worried
  340. Saudi Arabian teen arrested for online videos with American blogger
  341. Should Australians Still Invest Properties in the United States?
  342. Financial Modeling: Investment Property Model
  343. What Constitutes Separate Property in Virginia?
  344. How to Rent My Property
  345. 5 Reasons Why Investing in Property in Hull Will Create Wealth
  346. Yours, Mine and Ours: How Spouses Share and Transfer Property
  347. Ten Tips for Comparing Health Care Policies
  348. Beauty Spells Really Make You Beautiful
  349. Patient Abandonment – Home Health Care
  350. What is Taught in Beauty Schools?
  351. The Simulation Hypothesis: Even More Evidence From Physics
  352. How To Make Money Online Today – The Basic Process
  353. Career Change At 50 – Start Working From Home
  354. Even More Religious Shorts
  355. Sample Counseling Statement, IRR Transfer
  356. Writing Website Content – Who Are You Writing To?
  357. 12 Great Reasons To Have A Niche Website
  358. Why Your Metabolic Age Matters
  359. Alternative Sources of Business Growth Finance
  360. Best in Class Finance Functions
  361. What You Should Know About Dealer Finance
  362. Safe Driving Through Mexico’s Yucatan From Oaxaca: Archaeology Agave Crafts Wildlife Nature & More
  363. Boosting Your Audience Engagement to the Max
  364. Revenue-Based Financing for Technology Companies With No Hard Assets
  365. The New Rule For Buying a Home – Using Owner Financing
  366. Learning a Language In the Throes of the Perfectionist Syndrome
  367. Accounts Receivable Financing – Don’t Worry, Be Happy
  368. What Does the Bible Say About Beauty?
  369. Where within the World Is Your Finance Penetration?
  370. The Best Car Deals – Low Finance Rates Vs Rebates – Which Should You Choose?
  371. Real True Beauty
  372. What the Heck is Owner Financing?
  373. Finance, Credit, Investments
  374. Debunking 3 Common WordPress Myths
  375. WordPress Banned The Website Of The Fascist Group Linked To The Alleged Charlottesville Killer
  376. WordPress Migrations Made Easy
  377. Comparison Between Open Source CMS Systems and Commercial Open Source Systems
  378. Inner Beauty – Beauty Goes Beyond What the Eye Can See
  379. Simple Homemade Beauty Tips To Implement For Natural Beauty
  380. Beauty – An Essential Ingredient For Choosing A Spouse
  381. What Does Really Beauty Means?
  382. How to Feel Beautiful: Feel Beautiful and Celebrate Ourselves
  383. What Do I Do: WordPress or HTML?
  384. Taking Your WordPress Website To The Next Level
  385. How to Use Cpanel
  386. Benefits of College Education
  387. Basic Building Block of Starting a Profitable Blog
  388. Why is Education So Important? Something We Don’t Think of But Should
  389. Real Beauty – Bliss!
  390. The Real Reasons for Society’s Immense Influence on Education
  391. Your Network Marketing Business Blog – 5 Good Reasons To Use WordPress
  392. WordPress search engine marketing
  393. The Numerous and Useful Advantages of the Internet in Education
  394. Unexpectedly Brilliant Uses of Computers in Education
  395. Beliefs About the Purpose of Education You Probably Didn’t Know
  396. Oldest University within the World
  397. GRE Scores Scale
  398. Outlining the Difference Between a College And a University
  399. Ethical Issues in Education We Can’t Afford to Ignore
  400. A Beginner’s Guide To Setting Up A Successful Online Store
  401. The Nikon D3400 Picture Controls and Effects – How to Use Them on the Nikon D3400 DSLR Camera
  402. Retail Design for Vehicle Showrooms
  403. How to Secure Your Small Business with a PIX Firewall
  404. The Due Diligence Concept: A Six Month Journey To High Rankings On The Internet
  405. Perception: Learned Or Innate? A Debate
  406. Best Practices for 21st Century Boards
  407. Why Boko Haram Became Violent
  408. Should You Use Revit Server or Collaboration For Revit (C4R)?
  409. Managing Fixed Asset As a Corporate Financial Strategy – The Accountants’ Perspective
  410. Beauty – Is It Physical Appearances or Self-Esteem?
  411. The 10+1 Paths To Vibrant Healthy Skin At Any Age – How To Make 2013 Your Best Year For Beauty Ever
  412. How Does a Whole Life Insurance Policy Work?
  413. What is Permanent Life Insurance? Should I Choose Permanent Life Insurance Or Term Life Insurance?
  414. I Danced With Christ In Bali
  415. Five Positive Tips for Baby Boomers: Retirement & Panic
  416. Hurricane Erma A Floridian’s Story
  417. The Hidden Hazards of Digital Devices and Blue Light on Kid’s Eyes.
  418. Teaching Data Entry to New Hires
  419. Trauma Aftershocks
  420. I Still Haven’t Started With Live Trading Yet, Because I Am Afraid to “Click”
  421. E-Commerce: B2B Vs B2C
  422. The Simulation Hypothesis: Evidence From Physics
  423. The Best Consumer Electonics Reviews and Deals
  424. Reasons to Not Have a Cellphone
  425. Top Ten PC Games In The World
  426. Video Games and the Law: Sex, Violence and Addiction
  427. Tichu Card Game Review
  428. Should Students Learn A Musical Instrument Or Play Educational Video Games?
  429. Game Ideation For The Everyman
  430. MMO Games for Kids and Teens – Harmless Fun?
  431. What It’s Like Being a Game Maker
  432. Family Gaming – 10 Best Xbox 360 Family Games
  433. Top 10 Cool Online Physics Games

Dr. Tooley: His conclusions on Private Education and Entrepreneurship

Professor James Tooley criticized the United Nations’ proposals to eliminate all fees in state primary schools globally to meet its goal of universal education by 2015. Dr. Tooley says the UN, which is placing particular emphasis on those regions doing worse at moving towards ‘education for all’ namely sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, is “backing the wrong horse”.1

On his extensive research in the world poorest countries such as Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, India, and China, Dr. Tooley found that private unaided schools in the slum areas outperform their public counterparts. A significant number of a large majority of school children came from unrecognized schools and children from such schools outperform similar students in government schools in key school subjects.2 Private schools for the poor are counterparts for private schools for the elite. While elite private schools cater the needs of the privilege classes, there come the non-elite private schools which, as the entrepreneurs claimed, were set up in a mixture of philanthropy and commerce, from scarce resources. These private sector aims to serve the poor by offering the best quality they could while charging affordable fees.3

Thus, Dr. Tooley concluded that private education can be made available for all. He suggested that the quality of private education especially the private unaided schools can be raised through the help of International Aid. If the World Bank and United States Agency for International Development (USAID) could find ways to invest in private schools, then genuine education could result. 4 Offering loans to help schools improve their infrastructure or worthwhile teacher training, or creating partial vouchers to help even more of the poor to gain access to private schools are other strategies to be considered. Dr. Tooley holds that since many poor parents use private and not state schools, then “Education for All is going to be much easier to achieve than is currently believed”.

Hurdles in Achieving the MED

Teachers are the key factor in the learning phenomenon. They must now become the centerpiece of national efforts to achieve the dream that every child can have an education of good quality by 2015. Yet 18 million more teachers are needed if every child is to receive a quality education. 100 million children are still denied the opportunity of going to school. Millions are sitting in over-crowded classrooms for only a few hours a day.5 Too many excellent teachers who make learning exciting will change professions for higher paid opportunities while less productive teachers will retire on the job and coast toward their pension.6 How can we provide millions of more teachers?

Discrimination in girls access to education persists in many areas, owing to customary attitudes, early marriages and pregnancies, inadequate and gender-biased teaching and educational materials, sexual harassment and lack of adequate and physically and other wise accessible schooling facilities. 7

Child labor is common among the third world countries. Too many children undertake heavy domestic works at early age and are expected to manage heavy responsibilities. Numerous children rarely enjoy proper nutrition and are forced to do laborious toils.

Peace and economic struggles are other things to consider. The Bhutan country for example, has to take hurdles of high population growth (3%), vast mountainous areas with low population density, a limited resources base and unemployment. Sri Lanka reported an impressive record, yet, civil war is affecting its ability to mobilize funds since spending on defense eats up a quarter of the national budget.8

Putting children into school may not be enough. Bangladesh’s Education minister, A. S. H. Sadique, announced a 65% literacy rate, 3% increase since Dakar and a 30% rise since 1990. While basic education and literacy had improved in his country, he said that quality had been sacrificed in the pursuit of number.9 According to Nigel Fisher of UNICEF Kathmandu, “fewer children in his country survive to Grade 5 than in any region of the world. Repetition was a gross wastage of resources”.

Furthermore, other challenges in meeting the goal include: (1) How to reach out with education to HIV/AIDS orphans in regions such as Africa when the pandemic is wreaking havoc. (2) How to offer education to ever-increasing number of refugees and displaced people. (3) How to help teachers acquire a new understanding of their role and how to harness the new technologies to benefit the poor. And (4), in a world with 700 million people living in a forty-two highly indebted countries – how to help education overcome poverty and give millions of children a chance to realize their full potential.10

Education for All: How?

The goal is simple: Get the 100 million kids missing an education into school.
The question: How?

The first most essential problem in education is the lack of teachers and it has to be addressed first. Teacher corps should be improved through better recruitment strategies, mentoring and enhancing training academies. 11 Assistant teachers could be trained. Through mentoring, assistant teachers will develop the skills to become good teachers. In order to build a higher quality teacher workforce; selective hiring, a lengthy apprenticeship with comprehensive evaluation, follow ups with regular and rigorous personnel evaluations with pay-for-performance rewards, should be considered.12 Remuneration of teaching staff will motivate good teachers to stay and the unfruitful ones to do better.

Problems regarding sex discrimination and child labor should be eliminated. The Beijing Platform for Action (BPFA), for example, addressed the problem of gender inequality. BPFA calls on governments and relevant sectors to create an education and social environment, in which women and men, girls and boys, are treated equally, and to provide access for and retention of girls and women at all levels of education.13 The Global Task Force on Child Labor and Education and its proposed role for advocacy, coordination and research, were endorsed by the participants in Beijing. The UN added that incentives should be provided to the poorest families to support their children’s education.14

Highly indebted countries complain on lack of resources. Most of these countries spend on education and health as much as debt repayments. If these countries are with pro-poor programs that have a strong bias for basic education, will debt cancellation help them? Should these regions be a lobby for debt relief?

Partly explains the lack of progress, the rich countries, by paying themselves a piece dividend at the end of the Cold War, had reduced their international development assistance. In 2000, the real value of aid flows stood at only about 80% of their 1990 levels. Furthermore, the share of the aid going to education fell by 30% between 1990 and 2000 represented 7% of bilateral aid by that time. 15 Given this case, what is the chance of the United Nations’ call to the donors to double the billion of dollars of aid? According to John Daniel, Assistant Director-General for Education, UNESCO (2001-04), at present, 97% of the resources devoted to education in the developing countries come from the countries themselves and only 3% from the international resources. The key principle is that the primary responsibility for achieving ‘education for all’ lies with the national governments. International and bilateral agencies can help, but the drive has to come from the country itself. These countries are advised to chart a sustainable strategy for achieving education for all. This could mean reallocation of resources to education from other expenditures. It will often mean reallocation of resources within the education budget to basic education and away from other levels. 16

A Closer Look: Private and Public Schools

Some of the most disadvantage people on this planet vote with their feet: exit the public schools and move their children in private schools. Why are private schools better than state schools?
Teachers in the private schools are more accountable. There are more classroom activities and levels of teachers’ dedication. The teachers are accountable to the manager who can fire them whenever they are seen with incompetence. The manager as well is accountable to the parents who can withdraw their children.17 Thus; basically, the private schools are driven with negative reinforcements. These drives, however, bear positive results. Private schools are able to carry quality education better than state schools. The new research found that private schools for the poor exist in the slum areas aiming to help the very disadvantage have access to quality education. The poor subsidized the poorest.

Such accountability is not present in the government schools. Teachers in the public schools cannot be fired mainly because of incompetence. Principals/head teachers are not accountable to the parents if their children are not given adequate education. Researchers noted of irresponsible teachers ‘keeping a school closed … for months at a time, many cases of drunk teachers, and head teachers who asked children to do domestic chores including baby sitting. These actions are ‘plainly negligence’.

Are there any means to battle the system of negligence that pulls the state schools into failing? Should international aids be invested solely to private schools that are performing better and leave the state schools in total collapse? If private education seems to be the hope in achieving education for all, why not privatize all low performing state schools? Should the public schools be developed through a systematic change, will the competition between the public and the private schools result to much better outcomes? What is the chance that all educational entrepreneurs of the world will adapt the spirit of dedication and social works – offering free places for the poorest students and catering their needs?

Public schools can be made better. They can be made great schools if the resources are there, the community is included and teachers and other school workers get the support and respect they need. The government has to be hands on in improving the quality of education of state schools. In New York City for example, ACORN formed a collaborative with other community groups and the teachers union to improve 10 low-performing district 9 schools. The collaborative won $1.6 million in funding for most of its comprehensive plan to hire more effective principals, support the development of a highly teaching force and build strong family-school partnerships. 18

Standardized tests are also vital in improving schools and student achievements. It provides comparable information about schools and identifies schools that are doing fine, schools that are doing badly and some that are barely functioning. The data on student achievement provided by the standardized tests are essential diagnostic tool to improve performance. 19

The privatization of public schools is not the answer at all. Take for instance the idea of charter schools. As an alternative to failed public schools and government bureaucracy, local communities in America used public funds to start their own schools. And what started in a handful of states became a nationwide phenomenon. But according to a new national comparison of test
scores among children in charter schools and regular public schools, most charter schools aren’t measuring up. The Education Department’s findings showed that in almost every racial, economic and geographic category, fourth graders in traditional public schools outperform fourth graders in charter schools. 20

If the government can harness the quality of state schools, and if the World Bank and the Bilateral Agencies could find ways to invest on both the private and the public schools – instead of putting money only on the private schools where only a small fraction of students will have access to quality education while the majority are left behind – then ‘genuine education’ could result.

Conclusion

Education for all apparently is a simple goal, yet, is taking a long time for the world to achieve. Several of destructive forces are blocking its way to meet the goal and the fear of failure is strong. Numerous solutions are available to fix the failed system of public schools but the best solution is still unknown. Several challenges are faced by the private schools to meet their accountabilities, but the resources are scarce. Every country is committed to develop its education to bring every child into school but most are still struggling with mountainous debts.
‘Primary education for all by 2015’ will not be easy. However, everyone must be assured that the millennium development goal is possible and attainable. Since the Dakar meeting, several countries reported their progress in education. In Africa, for example, thirteen countries have, or should have attained Universal Primary Education (UPE) by the target date of 2015. 23 It challenges other countries, those that are lagging behind in achieving universal education to base their policies on programs that have proved effective in other African nations. Many more are working for the goal, each progressing in different paces. One thing is clear; the World is committed to meet its goal. The challenge is not to make that commitment falter, because a well-educated world will be a world that can better cope with conflicts and difficulties: thus, a better place to live.

1 “Leading educationalist critises UN proposals for global state primary schooling”, 2005 2 Tooley, James. Essay on”Private Schools for the Poor”, 2005 3 Tooley and Dixon. Chapter 2, “The Failures of State Schooling in Developing Countries and the People’s Response”, Index of Economic Freedom. 2006 4 Tooley, James. Essay on “Private Schools for the Poor”, 2005 5 All Eyes Turn to Teachers, Global Action Week 24-30th April 2006 6 Watkins, Tom. “Public Education Continues to Make Our lives Better”, Fall 2001 7 Toolkit for Women, Earth Summit 2002 8 Padgaonkar, Latika. “Education for All Update”, UNESCO New Delhi 9. Ibid. 10 Looking Ahead, EFA 2000 Assessment. 11 Moskow, Michael H. “Remarks”. The Fourth Annual Newman Lecture. May 24, 2005 12 Ibid. emphasis added. 13 Zabala, Earnest M. “Gender Equality in education: world fails to meet MDG 3” 14 UN-backed meeting calls for more donor aid to meet education for all shortfall 15 Daniel, John. :Education As a Development Priority, 718th Wilton Park Conference, 1-5 Sept. 2003 16. Ibid 17 E.G. West Centre, School of Education, University of Newcastle, England, NE1 7RU 00 44 191 222 [email protected] 18 ACORN: Working for Better Public Schools. http://www.ACORN.org 19 Michigan Education Report (2001-04) “Standardized tests vital for improving school and student achievement”. Fall 2001 Issue 20 Charter Schools in America. Aired: Tuesday, August 17, 2004 7-8 PM ET 21 Education for All in Africa: paving the Way for Action.

This is a Sidebar position. Add your widgets in this position using Default Sidebar or a custom sidebar.